Note that this is the provisional text only of the DDT exemption found in the treaty (taken from UNEP document UNEP/POPS/INC.5/CRP.65, dated 7 December 2000). The final text the treaty is in the process of review and minor editing by the legal drafting committee of the negotiators, and will not likely be released before January 2001.
Note that references to "a Party" mean a country that has signed and ratified the treaty, and the "Secretariat" means the United Nations Environment Programme.
Restriction Part II
1. The production and use of DDT shall be eliminated except for Parties that have notified the Secretariat of their intentional to produce and/or use DDT. The secretariat shall maintain a DDT Registry of such notifications, as specified in paragraph X below.
1bis. Each Party that produces and or uses DDT shall restrict such production and/or use for vector control in accordance with the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommendations and guidelines on the use of DDT and when locally safe, effective and affordable alternatives are not available to a specific party.
1ter. In the event that a Party not listed in the DDT Registry determines that it requires DDT for disease vector control, it shall notify the secretariat and WHO as soon as possible to be immediately added to the DDT Registry.
2. Each party that uses DDT shall provide every three years the Secretariat and WHO with information on the amount used, the conditions of such use, and its relevance to that Party’s disease management strategy, in a format to be decided by the Conference of the Parties, and in consultation with WHO.
3. With the goal of reducing and ultimately, eliminating the use of DDT the Conference of Parties shall encourage,
(a) Each party using DDT to develop and implement and action plan as a part of the implementation plan specified in Art. E. This action plan shall include:
(i) Development of regulatory and other mechanisms to ensure that DDT use is restricted to disease vector control;
(ii) Implementation of suitable alternative products, methods, and strategies, including resistance management strategies to ensure the continuing effectiveness of these alternatives.
(iii) Measures to strengthen health care and to reduce incidences of the disease.
(b) The Parties, within their capabilities shall promote research and development of safe alternative chemical and non-chemical products, methods and strategies for Parties using DDT, relevant to the conditions of those countries and with the goal of decreasing the human and economic burden of disease. Factors to be promoted when considering alternatives or combinations of alternatives shall include human health risks and environmental implications of such alternatives. Viable alternatives to DDT shall pose less risk to human health and the environment, be suitable for disease control based on conditions in specific Parties, and be supported with monitoring data.
4. Beginning at the first Conference of the Parties, and at least every three years thereafter, the Conference of Parties shall, in consultation with WHO, evaluate the continued need for DDT for disease vector control, on the basis of available scientific, technical, environmental and economic information including:
(a) The production and use of DDT and the conditions set out in paragraph 1 above;
(b) The availability, suitability and implementation of the alternatives to DDT; and
(c) Progress in strengthening countries’ capacity to shift safely to reliance on such alternatives.
6. A DDT Registry is hereby established and shall be publicly available.
7. Upon notification of the Secretariat, a Party may remove itself from the DDT registry.